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Configuring Your Wireless Network
You can view or manually configure the wireless settings and wireless security for the modem router in the Wireless Settings screen. If you want to make changes, make sure to note the current settings first. Once you have established basic wireless connectivity, you can enable security settings appropriate to your needs.
Note:
If you use a wireless computer to change the wireless network name (SSID) or wireless security settings, you will be disconnected when you click Apply. To avoid this problem, use a computer with a wired connection to access the modem router.
To manually configure the wireless settings:
1.
Log in to the modem router at its default LAN address of http://192.168.0.1 with its default user name of admin and default password of password, or using whatever LAN address and password you have set up.
2.
Select the Wireless Settings in the main menu. The Wireless Settings screen displays.
 
Figure 2-2 
Table 2-1 describes the information that is displayed in the Wireless Settings screen.
3.
Choose a suitable descriptive name for the wireless network name (SSID). In the SSID field, enter a value of up to 32 alphanumeric characters. The default SSID is NETGEAR.
Note:
The SSID of any wireless access adapters must match the SSID you specify in the modem router. If they do not match, you will not get a wireless connection.
 
4.
5.
This field determines which operating frequency will be used. It should not be necessary to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference problems with another nearby wireless router or access point. Select a channel that is not being used by any other wireless networks within several hundred feet of your modem router. For more information about the wireless channel frequencies, see the online document that you can access from Preparing Your Network in Appendix A.
 
Note:
Up to 270Mbps mode uses two channels, but in this mode only the first channel is listed in the channel pulldown menu. The associated channels in this mode are: 1+5, 2+6, 3+7, 4+8, 5+9, 6+10, and 7+11. When you select another wireless network mode, the channel pulldown displays all available channels: 1 through 13. However, available wireless channels depend on the selected wireless region.
6.
7.
For initial configuration and test, leave the Wireless Card Access List set to allow everyone access by making sure that Turn Access Control On is not selected in the Wireless Station Access List. In addition, leave the encryption strength set to None.
8.
Click Save to save your settings or click Apply to allow your changes to take effect immediately.
 
9.
Program the wireless adapter of your computers to have the same SSID and channel that you specified in the router. Check that they have a wireless link and can obtain an IP address by DHCP from the modem router.
Once your computers have basic wireless connectivity to the modem router, you can configure the advanced wireless security functions of the firewall.
Table 2-1 shows the wireless settings.
 
Table 2-1.
The pulldown menu just below Wireless Settings allows for the selection of one of four wireless LANs (WLANs) with the following default names:
Note: The region, channel, and mode can be set only for the primary wireless LAN (NETGEAR). In addition, access control can be turned on only for the primary wireless LAN.
Wireless Network
The SSID is also known as the wireless network name. Enter a 32-character (maximum) name in this field. This field is case-sensitive. The default SSID is NETGEAR, but NETGEAR strongly recommends that you change your network name to a different value.
In a setting in which there is more than one wireless network, different wireless network names provide a means for separating the traffic. Any device you that want to let participate in a wireless network must use the SSID.
The location where the firewall is used. Select your region from the drop-down list. It might not be legal to operate the modem router in a region other than the regions shown here.
Note: The region can be set only for the primary wireless LAN (NETGEAR) but applies to all wireless LANs.
The wireless channel used by the gateway: 1 through 13. The available channels depend on the region setting.
Do not change the wireless channel unless you experience interference (shown by lost connections or slow data transfers). If this happens, you might need to experiment with different channels to see which is the best. The default channel is 11.
The total number of channels varies by region. The mode that you select also determines how many channels are displayed in the channel pulldown menu.
Wireless Network (continued)
Mode
Note: The mode can be set only for the primary wireless LAN (NETGEAR).
Up to 270Mbps means that all 802.11g, 802.11b, and faster Draft-N wireless stations can be used. This mode expands the channel bandwidth from 20 MHz to 40 MHz to achieve the
270-Mbps rate. The router selects channel expansion on a frame-by-frame basis to avoid interference with the data transmissions of other access points or wireless stations. Up to 270Mbps mode uses two channels, but in this mode only the first channel is listed in the channel pulldown menu. The associated channels in this mode are: 1+5, 2+6, 3+7, 4+8, 5+9, 6+10, and 7+11.
Up to 270Mbps mode is the fastest mode and is compatible with older wireless stations.
Up to 130Mbps allows wireless stations that support speeds up to 130 Mbps. It is the default setting. In this case, the router transmits two streams with different data concurrently on the same channel. This mode restricts channel bandwidth to minimize interference with the data transmissions of other access points and wireless stations.
g & b allows older 802.11g and 802.11b wireless stations to access this device. You might want to select this mode if you have a wireless station that is using WEP security and does not support WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK.
g only allows only 802.11g wireless stations to access this device.
b only allows only 802.11b wireless stations to access this device. However, note that in b only mode, 802.11g wireless stations can connect if they can operate in 802.11b mode.
Wireless Access Point Control
Always On is selected by default. This setting enables the wireless radio, which allows the modem router to work as a wireless access point.
The Wireless LED on the front of the modem router displays the current status of the wireless access point to let you know if it is disabled or enabled. The wireless access point must be enabled to allow wireless stations to access the Internet.
Per Schedule Below (Use 24-hour clock). You can specify when the Wireless Access Point is turned on and turned off by entering a start time in the Hour and Minute fields next to Turn on Wireless Access Point and an end time in the Hour and Minute fields next to Turn off Wireless Access Point.
Always Off. Turning off the wireless radio can be helpful for configuration, network tuning, or troubleshooting.
Wireless Access Point (continued)
Allow Broadcast Name (SSID).
Selected by default, the modem router broadcasts its SSID, allowing wireless stations that have a null (blank) SSID to adopt the correct SSID. If you disable broadcast of the SSID, only devices with the correct SSID can connect. This nullifies the wireless network discovery feature of some products such as Windows XP, but the data is still fully exposed to a determined snoop using specialized test equipment like wireless sniffers. For this reason NETGEAR recommends that you also enable wireless security.
This feature is disabled by default. If it is enabled, wireless stations cannot communicate with each other or with stations on the wired network.
Turn Access Control On
Access control is disabled by default so that any computer configured with the correct wireless network name or SSID can access to your wireless network. For increased security, you can restrict access to the wireless network to only specific computers based on their MAC addresses. See Restricting access by MAC address.”
In WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) mode you can select 64-bit or 128-bit data encryption. This mode has been superseded by
WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK, which should be selected if supported by your wireless client. See Configuring WEP.”
WPA Pre-Shared-Key (Wi-Fi Protected Access Pre-Shared Key) uses a pre-shared key to perform the authentication and generate the initial data encryption keys. Then, it dynamically varies the encryption key.
WPA-PSK uses TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) data encryption, implements most of the IEEE 802.11i standard, and is designed to work with all wireless network interface cards, but not all wireless access points. See Configuring Mixed WPA-PSK+WPA2-PSK Security.”
WPA Pre-Shared-Key (Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 with Pre-Shared Key) uses a pre-shared key to perform the authentication and generate the initial data encryption keys. Then, it dynamically varies the encryption key. WPA2-PSK provides the best throughput with 802.11N because the encryption is supported in the hardware. WPA2-PSK uses AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) data encryption, implements the full IEEE 802.11i standard, but does not work with some older wireless clients. See Configuring Mixed WPA-PSK+WPA2-PSK Security.”
Mixed WPA-PSK + WPA2-PSK uses both WPA-PSK + WPA2-PSK standard encryption. A high performance client such as the NETGEAR WN511B should connect using WPA2-PSK in order to achieve maximum performance. Wireless clients that connect to this router using WPA-PSK will run at reduced performance levels. See Configuring Mixed WPA-PSK+WPA2-PSK Security.”

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