Table of ContentsPreviousNextSearch Knowledge Base

Complete PDF manual
PDF of This Chapter


Wireless Channels

IEEE 802.11g/b wireless nodes communicate with each other using radio frequency signals in the ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical) band between 2.4 GHz and 2.5 GHz. Neighboring channels are 5 MHz apart. However, due to the spread spectrum effect of the signals, a node sending signals using a particular channel will utilize frequency spectrum 12.5 MHz above and below the center channel frequency. As a result, two separate wireless networks using neighboring channels (for example, channel 1 and channel 2) in the same general vicinity will interfere with each other. Applying two channels that allow the maximum channel separation will decrease the amount of channel cross-talk and provide a noticeable performance increase over networks with minimal channel separation.

The radio frequency channels used are listed in Table 2-1:

Table 2-1. 802.11g Radio Frequency Channels
Channel
Center Frequency
Frequency Spread
1
2412 MHz
2399.5 MHz - 2424.5 MHz
2
2417 MHz
2404.5 MHz - 2429.5 MHz
3
2422 MHz
2409.5 MHz - 2434.5 MHz
4
2427 MHz
2414.5 MHz - 2439.5 MHz
5
2432 MHz
2419.5 MHz - 2444.5 MHz
6
2437 MHz
2424.5 MHz - 2449.5 MHz
7
2442 MHz
2429.5 MHz - 2454.5 MHz
8
2447 MHz
2434.5 MHz - 2459.5 MHz
9
2452 MHz
2439.5 MHz - 2464.5 MHz
10
2457 MHz
2444.5 MHz - 2469.5 MHz
11
2462 MHz
2449.5 MHz - 2474.5 MHz
12
2467 MHz
2454.5 MHz - 2479.5 MHz
13
2472 MHz
2459.5 MHz - 2484.5 MHz

Note: The available channels supported by wireless products in various countries are different.
  • Regulations in the United States prohibit using channels greater than channel 11.
  • For NETGEAR products sold outside the United States, the wireless region selection determines which channels are available for use in the product.

The preferred channel separation between the channels in neighboring wireless networks is 25 MHz (five channels). This means that you can apply up to three different channels within your wireless network. In the United States, only 11 usable wireless channels are available, so we recommended that you start using channel 1, grow to use channel 6, and add channel 11 when necessary, because these three channels do not overlap.


NETGEAR, Inc.
http://www.netgear.com
Table of ContentsPreviousNextSearch Knowledge Base